I’m new to the leather world and was wondering what kind of stains and dyes to use on what and when. When do I use stain instead of dye and vise-versa?

That’s a pretty broad question!  To make a long story short, if you’re new to this, I’d start with stains. They’re easy to use, give good results, and they’ll make you smarter. 😉 

I’d start with either Hi-Liter, or Goof Proof, and then try some Fiebings Antique Stain.  Once you’ve used those, then move on to dyes.  Stains are very forgiving, dyes are not.

You can also check out this blog post that goes over all of the different ways to color leather. It covers some general tips for each method and videos demonstrations and instructions all in one place!